Kerr, John Chipman VC
Kerr worked as a lumberjack near Kootenay, BC; 1912 bought a homestead in Spirit River, Alberta, where he and his brother farmed until war broke out; 1914 they set out for Edmonton, leaving only a single note tacked to the door of their humble shed. It read: "War is Hell, but what is homesteading?".
1916, September 16 a private in the 49th Canadian Infantry Battalion at Courcelette, France, during a bombing attack during the latter stages of the Battle of the Somme, while acting as bayonet man, he noted that bombs were running short and ran along the parados under heavy fire until he advanced into an enemy trench, throwing hand grenades and firing his rifle at point-blank range, inflicting heavy losses; the enemy, thinking that they were surrounded, surrendered - 62 prisoners were taken and 250 yards of enemy trench captured; his fingers had been blown off, but he did not have his wound dressed until he and two other men had escorted the prisoners back under fire and reported for duty.
Victoria Cross Citation:
“For most conspicuous bravery. During a bombing attack he was acting as bayonet man, and, knowing that bombs were running short, he ran along the parados under heavy fire until he was in close contact with the enemy, when he opened fire on them at point-blank range, and inflicted heavy loss.
The enemy, thinking they were surrounded, surrendered. Sixty-two prisoners were taken and 250 yards of enemy trench captured.
Before carrying out this very plucky act one of Private Kerr’s fingers had been blown off by a bomb.
Later, with two other men, he escorted back the prisoners under fire, and then returned to report himself for duty before having his wound dressed.”
London Gazette, no.29802, 26 October 1916